The article concerns methods and formulas for the calculation of the coefficient of thermal conductivity of solid bodies using the known solutions of direct thermal conductivity tasks. The solution to the inverse problem of heat conductivity is based on the quite complicated methods including both hyperbolic functions and finite-difference methods. Under certain experimental conditions, the task is simplified at the regular thermal modes of 1, 2, or 3 types. Thus final formulas are simplified to algebraic equations.
The simplification of the inverse problem of heat conductivity to algebraic equations is possible using other approaches. These methods are based on the analysis of the reference points, zero values of temperature distribution function, function inflection points, and its first and second derivatives. Here, we present formulas for the calculations of the temperature field on the assumption of the direct task solution for the half-bounded bar under the pulsed heating followed the re-definition of the boundary conditions.
The article describes two methods in which solutions are reduced to simple algebraic formulas when using the specified points on heating thermograms of test examples. These solutions allow algebraic deriving of simple relations for inverse problems of determination of thermophysical characteristics of solid bodies. The calculation formulas are given for the determination of the heat conductivity coefficient determination by two methods: by value of temperature, coordinate, and two moments at which this temperature is reached.
The second method uses the values of two coordinates of the test sample in two different points where the equal temperature is reached at different points in time. The final solution of the equation is logarithmic. The analysis of known methods and techniques shows that experimental methods are oriented on the technical implementation and based on facilities of available equipment and instruments.
Existing experimental techniques are based on specific constructions of measuring facilities. Simultaneously, there are well-studied methods of solution of thermal conductivity standard tasks set out in fundamental issues. The theoretical methods come from axioms, equations, and theoretical postulates, and they give the solution of inverse tasks of thermal conductivity. This work uses the solutions of direct tasks presented in the monograph by A.V.Lykov “The theory of heat conductivity”. These solutions have a good theoretical background and experts’ credit.
The boundary conditions of the problem are next: the half-bounded thin bar is given. The side surface of the bar has a thermal insulation. At the initial moment, the instant heat source acts on the bar in its section at some distance from its end. Heat exchange occurs between the environment and the end of the bar according to Newton’s law. The initial (relative) temperature of the bar is accepted equal to zero. The heat exchange between the free end face of the bar and the environment is gone according to Newton’s law.
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